Drug Classes and Indications: A Comprehensive List | Exams Pharmacology | Docsity (2024)

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Walden UniversityPharmacology

A detailed list of various drugs and their indications, including antitussives, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, anticonvulsants, contraceptives, glaucoma agents, muscle relaxants, catecholamines, proton pump inhibitors, urinary antispasmodics, sulfonamides, estrogen receptor modulators, diuretics, ophthalmic agents, topical anesthetics, nasal steroids, impotence agents, bisphosphonates, central nervous stimulants, angiotensin inhibitors, dopamine agonists, bronchodilators, sulfonylureas, antihistamines, beta-blockers, penicillin antibiotics, insulin, fibric acid derivatives, upper respiratory combos, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and macrolide antibiotics.

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Download Drug Classes and Indications: A Comprehensive List and more Exams Pharmacology in PDF only on Docsity! TOP 200 DRUGS FOR PTCB STUDY GUIDE. 1. Amoxil - Correct Answers Generic Name: Amoxicillin Drug Class: Penicillin Antibiotic Indication: Bacterial Infection 2. Crestor - Correct Answers Generic Name: Rosuvastatin Drug Class: HMG CoA Reductase Inhibitor/Statin Indication: Hyperlipidemia (Lowers cholesterol and triglycerides) 3. Lipitor - Correct Answers Generic Name: Atorvastatin Drug Class: HMG CoA Reductase Inhibitor/Statin Indication: Hyperlipidemia (Lowers cholesterol and triglycerides) 4. Nexium - Correct Answers Generic Name: Esomeprazole Drug Class: Proton Pump Inhibitor (PPI) Indication: Treats GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) (Gag reflex) 5. Plavix - Correct Answers Generic Name: Clopidogrel Drug Class: Platelet Aggregation Inhibitor Indication: Preventing Blood Clots 6. Singulair - Correct Answers Generic Name: Montelukast Drug Class: Leukotriene Inhibitor Indication: Prevents Asthma Attacks 7. Synthroid - Correct Answers Generic Name: Levothyroxine Drug Class: Thyroid Drug, Thyroid Replacement Indication: Hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone) 8. Vicodin (Norco) - Correct Answers Generic Name: Hydrocodone and Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Drug Class: Narcotic Analgesic Indication: Treats moderate to severe pain Schedule: CII 9. Zocor - Correct Answers Generic Name: Simvastatin Drug Class: HMG CoA Reductase Inhibitor/Statin Indication: Hyperlipidemia (Lowers cholesterol and triglycerides) 10. Zestril (Prinivil - Correct Answers Generic Name: Lisinopril Drug Class: ACE Inhibitor Indication: Treats hypertension (high blood pressure) Prilosec - Correct Answers Generic Name: Omeprazole Drug Class: PPI (Proton Pump Inhibitor) Indication: GERD (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease) NOW OVER THE COUNTER Desyrel - Correct Answers Generic Name: Trazodone Drug Class: Antidepressant Indication: Depression and Insomnia Diovan - Correct Answers Generic Name: Valsartan Drug Class: Angiotension II Receptor Blocker (A2RB) Indication: Hypertension Ultram - Correct Answers Generic Name: Tramadol Drug Class: Narcotic Analgesic Indication: Moderate to Severe Pain C-IV Cymbalta - Correct Answers Generic Name: Duloxetine Drug Class: Selective Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake inhibitor antidepressant (SSNRI) C-IV OxyContin - Correct Answers Generic Name: Oxycodone Drug Class: Opioid Indication: Moderate to Severe Pain C-II Alphagan P - Correct Answers Generic Name: Brimonidine Ophthalmic Drug Class: Ophthalmic (relating to eye) Indication: Decreases fluid in eye- Ocular hypertension, Glaucoma Folic Acid - Correct Answers Generic Name: Folic Acid Drug Class: B-Vitamin Indication: Anemia, Red Blood Cell Formation Benicar - Correct Answers Generic Name: Olmesartan Drug Class: Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist Indication: Hypertension Deltasone - Correct Answers Generic Name: Prednisone Drug Class: Glucocorticoid Indication: Inflammation, Severe Allergies Vibramycin - Correct Answers Generic Name: Doxycycline Hyclate Drug Class: Tetracycline Antibiotic Indication: Certain Bacterial Infection Fosamax - Correct Answers Generic Name: Alendronate Drug Class: Biphosphonates Indication: Prevents Osteoprosis Protonix - Correct Answers Generic Name: Pantoprazole Drug Class: Proton Pump Inhibitor Indication: GERD Flomax - Correct Answers Generic Name: Tamsulosin Drug Class: Antiadrenergic Agent, Alpha Blockers Indication: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia - BPH k-Dur (Klor-Con, Micro K) - Correct Answers Generic Name: Potassium Chloride Drug Class: Mineral/Electrolyte Indication: Prevents hypokalemia (Low potassium levels) Flexeril - Correct Answers Generic Name: Cyclobenzaprine Hydrochloride Drug Class: Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Indication: Stops skeletal muscle pain/injury and muscle spasms Medrol - Correct Answers Generic Name: Methylprednisolone Drug Class: Corticosteroid Indication: Inflammatory Conditions Concerta - Correct Answers Generic Name: Methylphenidate Drug Class: Central Nervous System Stimulate (CNS Stimulate) Indication: ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD (Attnetion Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), and Narcolepsy C-II Cheratussin AC - Correct Answers Generic Name: Guaifenesin and Codeine Drug Class: Narcotic Cough Suppressant and Expectorant Indication: Cough and Congestion (Blockage due to cold or flu) Coreg - Correct Answers Generic Name: Carvedilol Drug Class: Beta Blocker (end in -lol) Indication: Heart failure and hypertension Soma - Correct Answers Generic Name: Carisoprodol Drug Class: Skeletal Muscle Relaxant Indication: Muscle pain and injury C-IV Lanoxin - Correct Answers Generic Name: Digoxin Drug Class: Inotropic Agent Indication: Heart Failure and Heart Rate Namenda - Correct Answers Generic Name: Memantine Drug Class: Misc CNS Agent Indication: Alzheimer's (prolongs disease) Tenormin - Correct Answers Generic Name: Atenolol Drug Class: Beta Blocker Indication: Angina (chest pain) and Hypertension Dyazide - Correct Answers Generic Name: Hydrochlorothiazide and Triamterene Drug Class: Thiazide Diuretic Indication: No fluid retention Paxil - Correct Answers Generic Name: Paroxetine Drug Class: SSRI (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor) Indication: Depression Suboxone - Correct Answers Generic Name: Buprenorphine and Naloxone Drug Class: Opioid Indication: Treats narcotic addiction C-III Vasotec - Correct Answers Generic Name: Enalapril Drug Class: ACE Inhibitor (-il) Indication: Anxiety C-IV Zetia - Correct Answers Generic: Ezetimibe Drug Class: Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor Indication: Hyperlipidemia Premarin - Correct Answers Generic: Conjugated Estrogen Drug Class: Estrogen Indication: Menopause (vagin*l problems) Zyloprim - Correct Answers Generic Name: Allopurinol Drug Class: Antigout Agent Indication: Gout (crystallized uric acid in joints - arthritis) Pen VK - Correct Answers Generic Name: Penicillin V Potassium Drug Class: Penicillin Indication: Bacterial nfection Januvia - Correct Answers Generic Name: Sitagliptin Drug Class: Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4 Inhibitor Indication: Type 2 Diabetes Elavil - Correct Answers Generic Name: Amitriptyline Drug Class: Tricyclic Antidepressant (TCA) Indication: Depression Catapres - Correct Answers Generic Name: Clonidine Drug Class: Antiadrenergic Agent Indication: Hypertension, ADHD Xalatan - Correct Answers Generic Name: Latonoprost Drug Class: Ophthalmic Glaucoma Agent Indication: Glaucoma Vyvanse - Correct Answers Generic Name: Lisdexamphetamine Drug Class: CNS Stimulant Indication: ADHD C-II Niaspan - Correct Answers Generic Name: Niacin Drug Class: Misc. Antihyperlipidemic Agents, Vitamins Indication: Hyperlipidemia Aggrenox - Correct Answers Generic: Aspirin and Dipyridamole Drug Class: Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors Indication: Prevents Strokes Differin - Correct Answers Generic: Adapalene Topical Drug Class: Topical Medicine Indication: Acne Glycolax - Correct Answers Generic: Polyethylene Glycol 3350 Drug Class: Laxative Indication: Constipation or irregular bowel movement Zyprexa - Correct Answers Generic: Olanzapine Drug Class: Antipsychotic Indication: Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder Detrol LA - Correct Answers Generic: Tolterodine Drug Class: Urinary Antispasmodic Indication: Reduces spasms, overactive bladder Zantac - Correct Answers Generic: Ranitidine Drug Class: Histamine-2 Blockers Indication: Ulcers Pepcid - Correct Answers Generic: Famotidine Drug Class: Histamine 2 Blocker Indication: Decreases amount of stomach acid created Caduet - Correct Answers Generic: Amlodipine and Atorvastatin Drug Class: Statin (HMG CoA) Indication: Hypertension Lantus - Correct Answers Generic: Insulin Glargine Drug Class: Insulin Indication: Type 1 and 2 Diabetes Armour Thyroid - Correct Answers Generic: Thyroid Desiccated Drug Class: Thyroid Hormone Indication: Hypothyroidism Wellbutrin XL - Correct Answers Generic: Bupropion Drug Class: Misc Antidepressant Indication: Depression Zestoretic - Correct Answers Generic: Lisinopril and Hydrochlorothiazide Drug Class: Ace Inhibitor and Thiazide Combo Indication: Hypertension Topamax - Correct Answers Generic: Topiramate Drug Class: Anticonvulsant Indication: Seizures and Migraine Vagifem - Correct Answers Generic: Estradiol Drug Class: Estrogen Indication: Menopause Lunesta - Correct Answers Generic: Eszopiclone Drug Class: Sedative/Hypnotic Indication: Schizophrenia, Irritability in Autistic Children and Bipolar Disorder Treats symptoms, not disease Patanol - Correct Answers Generic: Olopatadine Drug Class: Opththalmic Antihistamine Indication: Itchy and Watery eyes Avelox - Correct Answers Generic: Moxifloxacin Drug Class: Fluoroquinolone (Quinolone) Indication: Bacterial Infection (Grander Scale) Focalin - Correct Answers Generic: Dexmethylphenidate Drug Class: CNS Stimulant Indication: ADD, ADHD CII Lovenox - Correct Answers Generic: Enoxaparin Drug Class: Heparin Anticoagulant Indication: Blood Clots Ciprodex Otic - Correct Answers Generic: Ciprofloxacin and Dexamethasone Drug Class: Otic Steroid with Anti-Infective Indication: Ear Infection Bactroban - Correct Answers Generic: Mupirocin Drug Class: Topical Antibiotic Indication: Topical Bacterial Skin Infection Vitamin D - Correct Answers Generic: Ergocalciferol Drug Class: Vitamin Indication: Vitamin D Deficiency Strattera - Correct Answers Generic: Atomoxetine Drug Class: CNS Stimulant Indication: ADHD Altace - Correct Answers Generic: Ramipril Drug Class: Ace Inhibitor Indication: Hypertension Atacand - Correct Answers Generic: Candesartan Drug Class: Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Indication: Hypertension Travatan - Correct Answers Generic: Travoprost Drug Class: Ophthalmic Glaucoma Agent Indication: Glaucoma Viagra - Correct Answers Generic: Sildenafil Drug Class: Impotence Agent Indication: Erectile Dysfunction ActoPlus Met - Correct Answers Generic: Metformin and Pioglitazone Drug Class: Antidiabetic Combo Indication: Type II Diabetes Triesence or Trivaris - Correct Answers Generic: Triamcinolone Ophthalmic Injection Drug Class: Ophthalmic Steroids Indication: Inflammation VESIcare - Correct Answers Generic: Solifenacin Drug Class: Urinary Antispasmodics Indication: Overactive Bladder Propecia - Correct Answers Generic: Finasteride Drug Class: 5-Alpha-Reductase Inhibitors Indication: Hair Loss Prometrium - Correct Answers Generic: Progesterone Drug Class: Progestins Indication: Menstrual Periods Vigamox - Correct Answers Generic: Moxifloxacin Ophthalmic Drug Class: Fluoroquinolone Antibiotic Indication: Bacterial Infection for Eyes Combivent - Correct Answers Generic: Albuterol and Ipratropium Drug Class: Bronchodilator Combo Indication: Bronchospasm Provigil - Correct Answers Generic: Modafinil Drug Class: CNS Stimulant Indication: Narcolepsy, Promotes Wakefulness Humalog - Correct Answers Generic: Insulin Lispro Drug Class: Insulin Indication: Diabetes Bystolic - Correct Answers Generic: Nebivolol Drug Class: Betablocker Indication: Hypertension Beconase AQ - Correct Answers Generic: Beclomethasone Drug Class: Nasal Steroid Indication: Nasal Allergy Symptoms Prevacid - Correct Answers Generic: Lansoprazole Drug Class: Proton Pump Inhibitor Indication: GERD Naprosyn - Correct Answers Generic: Naproxen Drug Class: Sulfonamides Indication: Bacterial Infections Evista - Correct Answers Generic: Raloxifene Drug Class: Hormones/Antineoplastics Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators Indication: Osteoporosis or Breast Cancer in Postmenopausal Women Maxzide - Correct Answers Generic: Hydrochlorothiazide and Triamterene Drug Class: Potassium Sparing Diuretics with Thiazides Indication: Edema, Hypertension Lumigan - Correct Answers Generic: Bimatoprost Ophthalmic Drug Class: Ophthalmic Glaucoma Agents Indication: Glaucoma, High Pressure in the eyes Lidoderm - Correct Answers Generic: Lidocaine Topical Drug Class: Topical Anesthetics Indication: Relieve Post-Shingles Pain Nasacort AQ - Correct Answers Generic: Triamcinolone Nasal Drug Class: Nasal Steroid Indication: Nasal Allergy Symptoms Cialis - Correct Answers Generic: Tadalafil Drug Class: Impotence Agent Indication: Erectile Dysfunction Keriva - Correct Answers Generic: Ethinyl Estradiol and Desogestrel Drug Class: Contraceptive Indication: Prevents Pregnancy Imitrex - Correct Answers Generic: Sumatriptan Drug Class: Triptan Sulfa Drug Indication: Migraine Headaches Boniva - Correct Answers Generic: Ibandronate Drug Class: Bisphosphonates Indication: Osteoporosis in Women after Menopause Adderall XR - Correct Answers Generic: Amphetamine and Dextroamphetamine Drug Class: Central Nervous Stimulants Indication: Narcolepsy, ADHD Fosamax Plus D - Correct Answers Generic: Alendronate Cholecalciferol Drug Class: Bisphosphonate Indication: Osteoporosis Micardis HCT - Correct Answers Generic: HCT and Telmisartan Drug Class: Angiotensin II Inhibitor with Thiazides Indication: Hyperlipemia, Hypertension Tri-Sprintec - Correct Answers Generic: Norgestimate and Ethinyl Estradiol Drug Class: Contraceptive Indication: Prevents Pregnancy Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo - Correct Answers Generic: Norgestimate/Ethinyl Estradiol (lower dose) Drug Class: Contraceptive Indication: Prevents Pregnancy Aricept - Correct Answers Generic: Donepezil Drug Class: Cholinesterase Inhibitors Indication: Mild to Moderate Dementia Caused by Alzheimers Byetta - Correct Answers Generic: Exenatide Drug Class: Incretin Mimetic Indication: Type II Diabetes Geodon - Correct Answers Generic: Ziprasidone Drug Class: Atypical Antipsychotic Indication: Schizophrenia Flovent HFA - Correct Answers Generic: Fluticasone Propionate Drug Class: Glucocorticoid Indication: Frequency and Intensity of Asthma Attacks Gianvi - Correct Answers Generic: Drospirnone/Ethinyl Estradiol Drug Class: Contraceptive Indication: Prevents Pregnancy Keppra - Correct Answers Generic: Levetiracetam Drug Class: Anti-Epileptic Indication: Tonic-Clonic Seizures Hyzaar - Correct Answers Generic: Losartan/Hydrochlorothiazide Drug Class: Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Indication: Hypertension Mirapex - Correct Answers Generic: Pramipexole Drug Class: Dopamine Agonists Indication: Parkinson's Disease, Restless Leg Syndrome Spiriva Handihaler - Correct Answers Generic: Tiotropium Drug Class: Bronchodilator Indication: Bronchospasms, COPD Trileptal - Correct Answers Generic: Oxcarbazepine Zithromax - Correct Answers Generic Name: Azithromycin Drug Class: Macrolide Antibiotic Indication: Bacterial Infection (Reduces production of important protein to kill/slow bacteria) Proair HFA (Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA) - Correct Answers Generic Name: Albuterol Inhalation Drug Class: Bronchodilator Indication: Treats/Prevents Bronchospasm (in people with reversible obstructive airway disease (asthma and COPD patients)) Esidrix (Microzide) - Correct Answers Generic Name: Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) Drug Class: Thiazide Diuretic (water pill) Indication: Treats fluid retention (edema) Glucophage - Correct Answers Generic Name: Metformin Drug Class: Oral Diabetes Medicine Indication: Controls blood sugar levels (in Type 2 Diabetes as Type 1 needs insulin) Zoloft - Correct Answers Generic Name: Sertraline Drug Class: Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI) Indication: Treats depression (and panic, anxiety, PTSD, and PMDD) Motrin - Correct Answers Generic Name: Ibuprofen Drug Class: Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) Indication: Pain reliever, fever, and inflammation (reduces hormones behind inflammation and pain) Ambien - Correct Answers Generic Name: Zolpidem Drug Class: Sedative (Hypnotic) Indication: Treats insomnia (affects chemicals in brain that may be unbalanced) C IV Lasix - Correct Answers Generic Name: Furosemide Drug Class: Loop Diuretic (water pill) (deals with kidney) Indication: Treats edema and hypertension (lowers salt intake)

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Drug Classes and Indications: A Comprehensive List | Exams Pharmacology | Docsity (2024)

FAQs

What are the 20 classes of drugs? ›

USP Drug Classification
AnalgesicsAntipsychoticsHormonal agents (pituitary)
AnestheticsAntispasticity agentsHormonal agents (prostaglandins)
Anti-addiction agentsAntiviralsHormonal agents (sex hormones)
AntibacterialsAnxiolyticsHormonal agents (thyroid)
AnticonvulsantsBipolar agentsHormone suppressant (adrenal)
11 more rows
Nov 26, 2023

What are the 6 classification of drugs according to pharmacology? ›

The 6 Classifications of Drugs. When considering only their chemical makeup, there are six main classifications of drugs: alcohol, opioids, benzodiazepines, cannabinoids, barbiturates, and hallucinogens.

What are the 5 classes of drugs? ›

According to the United States Drug Enforcement Administration, drug classes are determined by the Controlled Substances Act. Accepted classes of drugs include narcotics, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and marijuana. This guide breaks down each class, including the types of drugs that are included within each.

What drugs are Class A list? ›

Class A drugs include:
  • cocaine.
  • crack cocaine.
  • ecstasy ( MDMA )
  • heroin.
  • LSD.
  • magic mushrooms.
  • methadone.
  • methamphetamine (crystal meth)

What are the classification of drugs Class A? ›

Class A. Class A drugs are considered by Parliament to be the most harmful. This category includes heroin, methadone, cocaine (including crack cocaine), ecstasy, magic mushrooms and 'crystal meth'. An offence involving a Class A substance carries the harshest penalties.

What are the classification of general pharmacology? ›

The two main areas of pharmacology are pharmacodynamics and pharmaco*kinetics. Pharmacodynamics studies the effects of a drug on biological systems, and pharmaco*kinetics studies the effects of biological systems on a drug.

What is drug taxonomy classification? ›

In this system the drug are arranged according to taxonomical studies. The drugs are arranged according to their phylum, order, family, genus and species. It is purely a type of botanical classification or biological classification and restricted mainly to crude drugs from plant source.

What are the 11 forms of medication? ›

Other forms are caplets, emulsions, enteric coated tablets, lotions, ointments, pastes, patches, pills, powders, plasters, suppositories, spirits, tinctures, and aqueous solutions. Each serves a different purpose in how a drug is administered or absorbed by the body.

What are 10 examples of drugs? ›

Commonly Used Drugs Charts
  • Alcohol.
  • Ayahuasca.
  • Cannabis (Marijuana/Pot/Weed)
  • Central Nervous System Depressants (Benzos)
  • Cocaine (co*ke/Crack)
  • Fentanyl.
  • GHB.
  • Hallucinogens.
Sep 19, 2023

How are drugs named and classified? ›

Every medication has at least three names: a chemical name, a generic name, and a brand name. Several organizations are involved in naming medications. Pharmaceutical companies, the FDA, and the U.S. Adopted Names Council are three key examples.

What are the 3 main classification of drugs? ›

Drugs can be categorised by the way in which they affect our bodies:
  • depressants – slow down the function of the central nervous system.
  • hallucinogens – affect your senses and change the way you see, hear, taste, smell or feel things.
  • stimulants – speed up the function of the central nervous system.
Jun 21, 2021

What are the four main groups of drugs? ›

In general, addictive drugs may be classified as Stimulants, Depressants, Hallucinogens, or Opioids. These four drug classifications separate substances by how they interact with the brain and alter a person's mindset and behavior.

What schedule class is Tylenol? ›

Schedule III

Products containing less than 90 milligrams of codeine per dosage unit (Tylenol with codeine) ketamine. anabolic steroids.

What is the highest class drug? ›

The class of drug a person is caught possessing, supplying or producing affects the severity of the offence. Class A drugs are treated as the most dangerous and include cocaine, ecstasy, heroin, LSD, magic mushrooms and crystal meth.

What are 10 sources of drugs? ›

This document discusses various sources of drugs, including plant sources (leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, roots, bark, stem), animal sources (pancreas, thyroid, liver, blood), mineral sources (iron, mercury, iodine, fluorine, borax, selenium), microbiological sources (Penicillium fungus, actinobacteria), synthetic/ ...

What drug class is Adderall? ›

Adderall is a prescription medication and a Schedule II controlled substance. Adderall belongs to a class of drugs known as stimulants and contains amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. It is a controlled substance because of its strong addictive potential.

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